Political Context

 

The European Migration Crisis – A Timeline 2011- 2015

 
 


March 2011 Syrian crisis begins with peaceful protests that spread nationwide in April.


May 2011 First camps for refugees open in Turkey.


Mar 2012 UNHCR appoints a Regional Refugee coordinator for Syrian Refugees.

July 2012 Za’atri Refugee Camp opens in Jordan.

Sept. 2012 UNHCR scales up relief operations inside Syria and across the region.

Oct 2012 UNHCR urges European Union states to uphold their asylum principles by ensuring access to their territory, access to asylum procedures and harmonizing their approaches in the review and granting of asylum claims.

Nov 2012 UNHCR aid reaches 300,000 displaced people across Syria.

Dec 2012 Neighboring countries host half a million refugees.

UNHCR and partners launch a US$1 billion Regional Response Plan for Syrian refugees in Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey and Egypt.

Mar 2013 The number of Syrian refugees reaches 1 million, outpacing projections.  UNHCR calls for safe passage of humanitarian convoys inside Syria as needs grow amid intensified civil conflict.

Apr 2013 António Guterres warns the UN Security Council that almost half of Syria's 20.8 million population could be in need of humanitarian help by the end of 2013.

Jun 2013 UN humanitarian agencies, on behalf of dozens of aid organizations, announce the biggest aid appeal in history, totaling some US$4.4 billion. This includes almost $3bn for humanitarian relief in the region surrounding Syria (the Regional Response Plan), $1.4 bn for the aid response inside Syria (the Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan). On top of this, US$830 million is requested for the governments of Jordan and Lebanon.

 July 2013 On the first anniversary of opening, Za’atri camp hosts 120,000 refugees.

Aug 2013 The number of Syrian refugee children passes 1 million.

Aug 2013 Spike in arrivals of Syrian Kurd refugees in northern Iraq, including almost 50,000 in a two-week period.

Sept 2013 The number of Syrian refugees passes the 2 million mark, compared to 230,000 one year earlier. The number of internally displaced stands at 4.25 million.

UNHCR and government ministers from Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq meet in Geneva and pledge joint action to seek greater international help for host countries struggling to cope with the Syrian refugee crisis.

Growing numbers of Syrians seek to reach Europe by sea.

Germany accepts first group of Syrian refugees for temporary relocation.

20 July 2015: EU leaders agree to accept 32,256 refugees from Italy and Greece; this is just short of the 40,000 proposed in May by EC president  Jean-Claude Juncker.

30 July, 2015: David Cameron warns of ‘a swarm of people coming across the Mediterranean… wanting to come to Britain’.

27 August, 2015: in Austria, the bodies of 71 Syrians are found in an abandoned lorry.

2 September, 2015: pictures of three-year-old Aylan al-Kurdi, drowned in his Syrian family’s attempt to reach Greece from Turkey, provoke a wave of public sympathy for refugees.

3 September, 2015: the slogan ‘refugees welcome’ goes viral; 250,000 people in 48 hours back an ‘Independent’ petition calling for Britain to take its fair share of refugees. Mr Cameron says Britain will fulfill its ‘moral responsibilities’. Budapest reopens its main station after a two-day closure. Hundreds board trains for the Austrian border; others set off for Germany on foot. Hungary’s Prime Minister Viktor Orban says the crisis is a ‘German problem’.

September 2015: Mr Cameron says Britain will take in an extra 20,000 refugees over five years. France agrees to take 24,000. Germany earmarks €6bn to help an expected 800,000 extra refugees.

9 September, 2015: Mr Juncker urges EU member states to take in an additional 120,000 refugees (bringing the total to 160,000), to be distributed on a quota basis. The UK, which has an opt-out, is not included in these plans. The draft plans redistribute almost three-fifths of the new refugees to Germany, France and Spain.

12 September, 2015: a summit of EU interior ministers fails to agree a common response.

13 September, 2015: a record 5,809 people arrive in Hungary as its border fence nears completion. Germany introduces emergency controls on its borders with Austria, temporarily suspending its Schengen obligations; officials say 63,000 refugees have arrived since the end of August.

14 September, 2015: Austria and Slovakia say they too are reintroducing border controls. Germany warns it could face up to one million arrivals this year. Hungary declares a state of emergency and threatens those who enter the country illegally with jail. The EU’s border agency reveals that 500,000 migrants and refugees have entered the EU in 2015, 156,000 in August alone.

September 2015: Mr Cameron says Britain will take in an extra 20,000 refugees over five years. France agrees to take 24,000. Germany earmarks €6bn to help an expected 800,000 extra refugees.

9 September, 2015: Mr Juncker urges EU member states to take in an additional 120,000 refugees (bringing the total to 160,000), to be distributed on a quota basis. The UK, which has an opt-out, is not included in these plans. The draft plans redistribute almost three-fifths of the new refugees to Germany, France and Spain.

12 September, 2015: a summit of EU interior ministers fails to agree a common response.

13 September, 2015: a record 5,809 people arrive in Hungary as its border fence nears completion. Germany introduces emergency controls on its borders with Austria, temporarily suspending its Schengen obligations; officials say 63,000 refugees have arrived since the end of August.

14 September, 2015: Austria and Slovakia say they too are reintroducing border controls. Germany warns it could face up to one million arrivals this year. Hungary declares a state of emergency and threatens those who enter the country illegally with jail. The EU’s border agency reveals that 500,000 migrants and refugees have entered the EU in 2015, 156,000 in August alone.

 

Sources: UNHCR; The Independent;
 
 




 


 

 
 


 


 



 


 


 

 





 
 





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